Jalpaiguri is a city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the largest city and the headquarters of the Jalpaiguri district, and the divisional headquarters of the North Bengal region. The city is located on the banks of the Teesta River which is the second largest river in West Bengal on the foothills of the Himalayas. As of 2011, the city had more than 1.69 lakh residents. The city has become an important trade center of West Bengal. It is a principal commercial, tourism, transportation, and educational center of the North Bengal region. It lies 42 kilometers away from Siliguri which is its twin city
Jalpaiguri is a significant city in commercialisation and business. It is one of the most busiest and important cities of North Bengal as well as in the Indian state of West Bengal. Jalpaiguri is the largest city and the headquarters of the Jalpaiguri district, and also serves as the headquarters of the Jalpaiguri division, comprising all of the seven districts of North Bengal.
Jalpaiguri is located at 26.52°N 88.73°E. It has an average elevation of 75 metres (246 feet).Jalpaiguri lies in the middle of the vast fertile plains (Terai) south of the Himalayas, watered by innumerable rivers and rivulets rising from and flowing down the Himalayas. On a clear sunny day, the Mount Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest peak is visible from the city. The city lies on the banks of the Teesta River which is the second largest river in West Bengal after the Ganges. A mass flood in 1968 nearly flattened out the city and huge spurs had to be built and the river diverted to some km. outside the city to avoid the same carnage as it caused. Other than the Teesta, the Karala River, nicknamed the “Thames of Jalpaiguri”, flows through the city thereby bisecting it into two halves
In the 2011 census, Jalpaiguri City Urban Agglomeration had a population of 169,013; out of which 85,226 were males and 83,787 were females. The 0–6 years population was 14,522. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.03 per cent. Jalpaiguri has a majority Bengali population. Other minority communities include Gorkhas (Nepali), Marwaris andBiharis. Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English, Marwari, Bihari, Assamese, Punjabi, and Gujrati are the languages that are spoken by the local people of Jalpaiguri. As of the 2001 Indian census, Jalpaiguri had a population of 100,212. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Jalpaiguri had an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 79.5%: male literacy was 89%, and female literacy 86%. 26% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Major festivals observed at Jalpaiguri include Durga puja, Chhath Puja, Ganesh puja, Laxmi puja, Saraswati puja, and Diwali. Baisakhi Mela is one of the oldest fairs in Jalpaiguri which takes place in the Bengali month of Baisakh .
Lot of fairs and carnivals take place in Jalpaiguri. The most popular fairs in Jalpaiguri are Baisakhi Mela, Hasta Shilpa Mela, Book Fair, and Lexpo Fair. Most of the fairs happens in the Jalpaiguri District Sports Complex Stadium or the Town Club Stadium.
The city hosts group theatres, music & dance schools and night clubs.