Murshidabad is a city in Murshidabad district of West Bengal statein India. The city of Murshidabad is located on the southern bank of the Bhagirathi, a tributary of the Ganges River.
The District Of Murshidabad has an area of 2143 sq. m. It is divided into two nearly equal portions by the Bhagirathi, the ancient channel of the Ganges. The tract to the west, known as the Rarh, consists of hard clay and nodular limestone. The general level is high, but interspersed with marshes and seamed by hill torrents. The Bagri or eastern half belongs to alluvial plains of eastern Bengal. There are few permanent swamps; but the whole country is low-lying, and liable to annual inundation. In the north-west are a few small detached hillocks, said to be of basaltic formation
The city today is a center for agriculture, handicrafts and sericulture. The famous Murshidabad Silk, much in demand for making saris and scarves, is produced in the like-named city in Uttar Pradesh
As of 2001 India census, Murshidabad had a population of 36,894. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%.About 70% of the population is Muslim. Murshidabad has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 61%. In Murshidabad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Some Bhumihar Brahmins had settled in Chandipur, Murshidabad, during late nineteenth and early twentieth century where they were the local landlords and are at the top of the social hierarchy