Purulia is a city located in West Bengal state, India, and was constituted in 1876. It is the location of the district headquarters of Purulia district. Purulia is located on the north of the Kasai river and is a major road and railway junction. It has an area of 6,259 km2. It is famous for the Chhau dance.
– In 2011, Puruliya had population of 2,927,965 of which male and female were 1,497,656 and 1,430,309 respectively. There was change of 15.43 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Puruliya District recorded increase of 14.02 percent to its population compared to 1991.
The initial provisional data suggest a density of 468 in 2011 compared to 405 of 2001. Total area under Puruliya district is of about 6,259 km.
Average literacy rate of Purulia in 2011 were 65.38% compared to 55.57% of 2001. If things are looked at gender wise, male and female literacy were 78.85% and 51.29% respectively, compared to 73.72% and 36.50% in 2001. Total literate in Purulia District were 1,656,940 of which male and female were 1,021,455 and 635,485 respectively. In 2001, Puruliya District had 1,182,284 in its total region.
With regards to the sex ratio in Puruliya, it stood at 955 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 954. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.
Purulia is located at 23.33°N 86.37°E. It has an average elevation of 228 metres (748 feet). Summers are hot and dry with temperatures ranging from lows of 23 °C to highs above 45 °C. The temperature reached the highest level in the country on June 18, 2005 at 51.1 °C. Winters are dry and cool with daily temperatures ranging from 5 °C to 20 °C. Most of the rainfall occurs during the wet monsoons.
Transportation to Purulia
Purulia railway station is on the Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line.
Most of the long distance trains stop at the railway station like Purushottam Express, Samarsata Express, Guwahati-Chennai Express, Porbandar-Santragachi Express, etc. Purulia is one of the most important transport location. Major cities near Purulia are Ranchi, Bokaro Steel City, Dhanbad, Asansol, Burnpur, Kharagpur, Jamshedpur, Chakradharpur, Kolkata etc.
There is a link railway to Kolkata via Bardhaman, Adra, Purulia and Tata. The station is a junction and is about 1.5 km from the town-centre. Rupashi Bangla, Lalmati Express, Purulia Express those trains runs between purulia and howrah via Kharagpur.
Purulia is connected to various parts of West Bengal as well as Jharkhand through long distance bus services run by both Government and private operators.
All the festivals are celebrated here with full of joy and happiness. The major festivals are like Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Manasa Puja, Saraswati Puja & Makar Parab. The whole city is decorated during diwali.
Tribe Saontal’s major festival is Bandna or Bandana( it is called as “SAHARAI parab” by the Santals)which is celebrated in the bengalimonth of “kartik” or “Poush” month. In this festival they play music, dance together and eat meat based special dishes like “Manser Pitha”. They also take local liquor as a part of their culture named “Hadia”. The SAHARAI parab is celebrated during four days, like (a) UMM (1ST DAY) (b) Daka (2nd day) (c) KHUNTAU (3rd day) and (d) JALE (4th day).
‘Bhadu’ is another festival started by Panchakot Raj of Kashipur after the death of King’s daughter named Bhadrabati and nowadays it is enjoyed by the local mass.
Karma is a tribe festival in Purulia where tribal people worship the tree whose local name is ‘Karam’. Poila Baisakh (The first day of Bengali new year) is also observed in Purulia with full enthusiasm by the local people with religious culture and Chhou dance.