South 24 Parganas district is an important district of West Bengal State with its district headquarters in Alipore. On one side it has the urban fringe of Kolkata and on the other, the remote riverine villages in the Sundarbans.
Agriculture, Industry and Pisciculture are all at their peak in the district. In west side of this district situated Falta Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Various types of industry are situated in this SEZ.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named South 24 Parganas one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).
According to the 2011 census South 24 Parganas district had a population of 8,153,176, This gave it a ranking of 6th among the districts in India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 819 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,120 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.05%. In 2011 South Twenty Four Parganas had a sex ratio of 949 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 78.57%.