Dakshin Dinajpur or South Dinajpur (is a district of theIndian state of West Bengal. Created on 1 April 1992 by the division of the erstwhile West Dinajpur district, it comprises two subdivisions: Balurghat and Gangarampur. As of 2011 it is the least populous district of West Bengal
The erstwhile Dinajpur District, at the time of the partition of India, was split up into West Dinajpur district and East Dinajpur. The East Dinajpur district, now called Dinajpur, became part of East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. The West Dinajpur district was enlarged in 1956, when States Reorganisation Act recommendations were implemented, with the addition of some areas of Bihar. The district was bifurcated into Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur on April 1, 1992.
Dakshin Dinajpur is a “Non Industry” district having no large scale industry. The first industry in medium scale sector got off to a start in the district in November, 2003. Internet access is available from most of the cities, even though broadband connections are not available. As for transport, there is one State Highway with only 3 km of National Highway No. 34 falling within the district. A new railway line has been laid between Eklakhi and Balurghat, the district headquarters. Train services has been started on December 30, 2004.
According to the 2011 census Dakshin Dinajpur district has a population of 1,670,931 with Muslim Population of 24.01%, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 295th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 753 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,950 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.16%. Dakshin Dinajpur has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,] and a literacy rate of 73.86%.