was a multifaceted person. He was a freedom fighter, poet, scholar, yogi and philosopher. He spent his life working towards the cause of India’s freedom, and for further evolution of life on earth.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was born on August 15, 1872 at Calcutta. His father was Krishnadhan and his mother was Swamalata.
When he was seven years old, he was sent to England for the completion of education. He did his schooling from St. Paul’s School in London and graduation from King’s College, Cambridge. Side by side, he learnt several foreign languages like Greek, French, Italian German, Latin, and Spanish. He came back to India when he was 21 years old. At the time of partition of Bengal, during the period between 1905-1912, he leaded the group of Indian nationalists. Later, he became the editor of a nationalist Bengali newspaper named Vande Mataram.
As time passed by, Sri Aurobindo began losing interest in politics and started concentrating on spirituality. He came across a yogi named Vishnu Bhaskar Lele, who showed him the path of Hindu practice of yoga. He went into the state of deep meditation for a period of four years in Pondicherry. Then, he launched a 64 page monthly review “Arya”. In the year 1920, his close spiritual collaborator named Mirra Richard joined him. She was more popularly known as ‘The Mother’. It is in the companionship of the Mother that Aurobindo Ghosh came up with the idea of establishing an ashram in Auroville.
Sri Aurobindo’s philosophy is based on facts, experience and personal realisations and on having the vision of a seer or Rishi. Aurobindo’s spirituality was inseparably united with reason. The goal of Sri Aurobindo was not merely the liberation of the individual from the chain that fetters him and realization of the self, but to work out the will of the Divine in the world, to effect a spiritual transformation and to bring down the divine nature and a divine life into the mental, vital and physical nature and life of humanity. Sri Aurobindo passed away on December 5, 1950 at Pondicherry at the age of 78.